J Caring Sci. 2017;6(3):187-198.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2017.019
PMID: 28971070
PMCID: PMC5618944
  Abstract View: 302
  PDF Download: 554

Original Research

Powerful Tools for Caregivers, a Group Psychoeducational Skill-Building Intervention for Family Caregivers

Daniel Michael Rosney 1 * , Michael F. Noe 2, Peter J Horvath 1

1 Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York
2 2Community Relations and Clinical Affairs, School of Public Health and Health Professions, State University, Buffalo, New Yor


Introduction: Care providers consistently report negative consequences to their mental health as a direct result of their caregiving responsibilities. Specifically, they describe higher levels of distress, mental health problems, and depressive symptoms compared to their non-caregiving matched controls. Powerful Tools for Caregivers (PTC) is a national program that aims to empower caregivers to better care for themselves and enhance their self-efficacy. The purpose of the present study was to determine and quantify the effectiveness of the PTC program through pre/post data analysis. Methods: PTC intervention was evaluated at two questionnaire time points: pre-PTC and post-PTC between June 30, 2004 and Oct 16, 2013. Paired sample t-tests (n=409) were conducted using SPSS Statistics Version 22 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY). Results: PTC increased caregivers who conducted self-care behaviors, who demonstrated self-efficacy, management of depressing emotions and those who used community resources. Conclusion: PTC results in caregivers reporting that they are taking better care of themselves, reacting to their emotions in a healthier manner, gaining more confidence in their caregiving abilities and coping skills, and becoming more knowledgeable about receiving assistance from their community resources.
 Depression Self-care Self-efficacy
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Submitted: 21 Feb 2017
Revised: 03 Jul 2017
Accepted: 05 Jul 2017
First published online: 31 Aug 2017
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