J Caring Sci. 2018;7(4):225-232.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2018.034
  Abstract View: 15
  PDF Download: 13

Original Research

The Effects of Group Discussion Based Education on the Promotion of Self-Management Behaviors in Hemodialysis Patients

Azam Mahjubian ORCiD, Nasrin Bahraminejad * ORCiD, Koorosh Kamali ORCiD

1 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Mental Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Article

Introduction: Improving self-management of the patients undergoing hemodialysis is an effective way to reduce complications and to improve the quality of life of them. The current study aims to assess the effects of group discussion on the promotion of self-management behaviors in hemodialysis patients. Methods: In this quasi -experimental clinical trial study (with experimental and control groups) 60 patients were arranged in two experimental and control groups through using convenience sampling with random allocation. Self-management interventions were conducted on the experimental group during 3 to 4 sessions of group discussion. The control group received routine interventions. The data were collected through Li and colleagues' self-management standard questionnaire before and 3 months after the intervention. The data were analyzed via SPSS software version 13 and chi-square, t-test, Mann-Whitney, and Wilcoxon test. Results: The results showed that the mean scores of four dimension of self-management including participation with the medical team, problem solving, self-care and emotional management after the implementation of group were significantly different between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion: Based on the findings, group discussion was an effective educational method to promote self-management of chronic hemodialysis patients. Therefore, holding group discussion to reinforce the self- management behaviors in patients undergoing hemodialysis is recommended.
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Submitted: 30 Oct 2017
Revised: 10 Mar 2018
Accepted: 21 Apr 2018
First published online: 21 Apr 2018
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