J Caring Sci. 2014;3(1):47-55.
doi: 10.5681/jcs.2014.006
PMID: 25276748
PMCID: PMC4134162
  Abstract View: 490
  PDF Download: 880

Original Research

Association between Perception of Prognosis and Spiritual Well-being among Cancer Patients

Alehe Seyedrasooly 1, Azad Rahmani 2 * , Vahid Zamanzadeh 1, Zoliekha Aliashrafi 1, Ali-Reza Nikanfar 3, Madine Jasemi 1

1 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Hematology and Oncology, Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Disclosure of cancer prognosis is one of the most difficult challenges in caring of cancer patients. An exact effect of prognosis disclosure on spiritual well-being of cancer patient was not completely investigated. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between perception of prognosis and spiritual well-being among cancer patients. Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, which conducted in 2013, two hundred cancer patients referred to Shahid Ghazi Hospital and private offices of two oncologists in Tabriz participated with convenience sampling method. Perception of prognosis was investigated by Perception of Prognosis Inventory and spiritual well-being of cancer patients was investigated by Paloutzian and Ellison Inventory. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation test. Results: Participants reported positive perception about the prognosis of their disease (score 11 from 15) and rated their spiritual well-being as high (score 99 from 120). There was a positive correlation between the perception of prognosis and spiritual health among cancer patients.Conclusion: Disclosure of cancer prognosis has negative effects on cancer patients. This result highlights the importance of considering cultural factors in disclosure of cancer prognosis. According to limitations of the present study approving these results need more studies.
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Submitted: 26 Feb 2014
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