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J Caring Sci. 2019;8(1):9-15.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2019.002
PMID: 30915308
PMCID: PMC6428157
  Abstract View: 162
  PDF Download: 158

Original Research

Quality of Life in Women with Cancer and Its Influencing Factors

Zahra Sheikhalipour 1 ORCID logo, Akram Ghahramanian 1 * ORCID logo, Alavieh Fateh 2 ORCID logo, Rasol Ghiahi 3 ORCID logo, Tonia C Onyeka 4 ORCID logo

1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Hematology and Oncology Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Nurse, Razi Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Anaesthesia /Pain & Palliative Care Unit, Multidisciplinary Oncology Centre, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction: Studies show that some of the factors such as pain and psychological changes could decrease the quality of life of patients with cancer. The understanding of these factors can enhance the effectiveness and process of cancer treatment. Therefore this study was conducted to investigate the quality of life in women with cancer and its influencing factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which was carried out in the city of Tabriz in the northwestern part of Iran in 2016. The sample consisted of 150 women diagnosed with cancer. The EORTC QLQ-C30 (version 3) was used for evaluating the quality of life of the women. The collected data were analyzed in the SPSS ver. 13 using descriptive and inferential statistics. Also, t-test and ANOVA test were applied to investigate the correlation between the dimensions of quality of life and socio-demographic variables. P < 0.05 denoted as statistically significant. Results: The results showed that the quality of life in the function and symptoms dimensions were in acceptable levels. In the function dimension, the highest and lowest scores belonged to the cognitive and emotional domains, respectively. Also, those women who had the symptoms of insomnia and fatigue, and reported the pressure due to financial burden of cancer treatment had a significantly lower quality of life. A low score was reported in general health dimension. No statistically significant relationships were reported between the socio-demographic characteristics and the women’s quality of life and its dimensions. Conclusion: Since sleeplessness and fatigue reduce the quality of life in women with cancer, nursing interventions are required to relieve cancer-related symptoms. The financial burden of cancer treatment is high. Therefore, governmental and insurance agencies should help with the costs paid by the patients and prevent from reducing their quality of life.
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Submitted: 18 Apr 2018
Revised: 21 Aug 2018
Accepted: 10 Nov 2018
First published online: 01 Mar 2019
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