J Caring Sci. 2017;6(4): 293-302.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2017.028
PMID: 29302569
PMCID: PMC5747588
  Abstract View: 906
  PDF Download: 888

Original Research

Measurement of anxiety in 3-9 year old children receiving nursing intervention

Febby Cardinal 1, Golda Arroyo 2, Sheilla Trajera 3, Anand Sajnani 4 *

1 Department of Nursing, Sanko Mambukal Life Home Care Inc., Mambukal, Philippines
2 Deaprtment of Nursing, Lorenzo D. Zayco District Hospital, Kabankalan city, Philippines
3 Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, University of La Salle, Bacolod, Philippines
4 Deaortment of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, KIMS Qatar Medical Centre, Wakra, Qatar


Introduction: Nurses are in an ideal position to provide special care for anxious children admitted in hospital wards. Thus, the objectives of the study were to identify the common nursing procedures done for children and to measure their level of anxiety Methods: A cross - sectional descriptive study was conducted at a district hospital in Philippines. The respondents of the study were children aged 3 – 9 years old admitted in the pediatric ward. The descriptive characteristics of the children were recorded. Venham Picture Test was used to assess the level of anxiety in children. The instrument was validated using the Good and Scates criteria and pre-tested on 30 pediatric respondents. The chi-square test and T test were used to determine the significance of difference between the scores given by the children across different age groups and the p-value was set at 0.05. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 5.1 years (±3.5). Males obtained an “average” mean score of anxiety (4.0±2.0) whilst females demonstrated a “low” mean score of anxiety (3.6±2.3). There was a highly statistical difference between the mean anxiety scores amongst patients who had a prior experience and those who had none (p=0.001). Conclusions: Temperature measurement and pulse measurement were the most common procedures performed on children and demonstrated very low level of anxiety. Peripheral cannula insertion caused the maximum anxiety amongst all the procedures performed. Children aged 3 to 4 years old demonstrated the maximum anxiety when compared to children aged 5 to 9 years. 
Keywords: Anxiety, anxiety prevention, nursing procedure, children, hospital, nurses
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Submitted: 18 Apr 2017
Revision: 13 Aug 2017
Accepted: 22 Sep 2017
ePublished: 28 Nov 2017
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