J Caring Sci. 2017;6(4):315-323.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2017.030
PMID: 29302571
PMCID: PMC5747590
  Abstract View: 617
  PDF Download: 525

Original Research

Sleeping  habits among school children and their effects on sleep pattern

Apurva Mishra 1 * , Ramesh Kumar Pandey 1, Anurag Minz 2, Varuni Arora 3

1 Department of Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India


Introduction: Sleep problems can occur at any age. Inadequate sleep affects the physiological as well as psychological well-being of an individual. Thus, the objective of the present study is, to determine the pre sleep habits, duration and pattern of sleep among school children and to determine association between their sleep schedules and sleep habits.Method: The study comprised of 1050 children attending the government school. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria children were divided into three age groups: 4-5 years, 6-10 years and 11-15 years of age. A questionnaire about demographical data, sleep problems and habits, was duly filled by the parents. The parents of children were questioned for bed time, wakeup time, sleep time and sleep duration during both weekdays and weekends.Results: Total sleep time during weekdays was 8.9± 1.2 hours and 10.7 ± 1.1 hours during weekends. The wakeup time was significantly delayed during weekends in all age groups (p<0.05). Moreover, total sleep time increased significantly during weekends in all age groups (p<0.05). Children using media after 8 pm and sleeping alone are also in significant sleep debt.Conclusion: Screen activities such as TV, internet and cellular phones in a child’s bedroom had a negative effect on children’s sleep/wake patterns, duration of sleep. Children in higher grades are sleep debt compared to younger ones. Practices such as co sleeping and sharing bed with parents significantly improve the duration and quality of sleep.
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Submitted: 22 Jul 2017
Revised: 29 Aug 2017
Accepted: 24 Oct 2017
First published online: 24 Oct 2017
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