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J Caring Sci. 2018;7(1): 17-20.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2018.003
PMID: 29637052
PMCID: PMC5889793
  Abstract View: 604
  PDF Download: 834

Original Research

Dietary and Fluid Regime Adherence in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

Niraj Beerendrakumar 1, Lakshmi Ramamoorthy 1 * , Satish Haridasan 2

1 Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, JIPMER, Puducherry-06, India
2 Department of Nephrology, JIPMER, Puducherry-06, India

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) needs to modify their lifestyle chiefly focusing on diet and fluid intake as the prognosis of these patients largely depends on adherence to the recommended nutritional regime. Non adherence to the suggested diet and fluids regime leads to rapid worsening of the condition.

Methods: Cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the level of adherence to the dietary and fluids restriction among CKD patients. Inclusion criteria’s was, age between 18- 65 years, patients with CKD for at least 6 months and received dietary counseling. Consecutive sampling technique was used to select 100 patients. Data was collected with self-reported Dialysis Diet and Fluid non adherence Questionnaire (DDFQ).

Results: Majority (73%) of the subjects was males, 64% belongs to 40-60 years age, majority of them were unemployed. Mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 20.52 kg/m2, the mean duration of the treatment is 2.15 years and mean fluid intake was 2153ml ml/day and inter-dialytic weight gain was 1.48 kg. Regarding adherence, 20% of them had mild deviation and 69% of them had moderate deviation from dietary restrictions and similarly 69 % of the participants had moderate deviation, and 22% of them had mild deviation from fluid restriction guidelines. Low level of adherence to fluid and diet restrictions was noted in illiterate patients which was significant P<0.05.

Conclusion: In spite of the dietary counseling, considerable proportions of the patients were non adherent to the diet and fluid restrictions which necessitate regular counseling to patient and family members.

Keywords: Chronic renal failure, Dialysis, Medication adherence, Diabetics
Citation: Niraj B, Lakshmi R, Sathish H. Dietary and fluid regime adherence in chronic kidney disease patients. J Car Sci 2018; 7 (1): 17-20. doi:10.151 71 /jcs. 2018.003
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Submitted: 18 Aug 2017
Revision: 11 Oct 2017
Accepted: 03 Nov 2017
ePublished: 22 Feb 2018
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