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J Caring Sci. 2019;8(4): 213-217.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2019.030
PMID: 31915623
PMCID: PMC6942645
  Abstract View: 89
  PDF Download: 101

Original Research

The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Therapy on Quality of Life in Women with Multiple Sclerosis, Ahvaz, Iran

Bentolhoda Kolahkaj 1 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Zargar 2 * ORCID logo, Nasrin Majdinasab 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Health psychology, Health Psychology Faculty, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Neurology, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center, Ahwaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Low quality of life is one of the most common symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) which can reduce satisfaction with life, as well as increase death ratio and neuro-mental problems. The present study aimed to determine the effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) therapy on the quality of life in women with Multiple sclerosis in the city of Ahvaz.

Methods: Forty eight patients who had referred to neurologists were selected by convenient sampling and were assigned into two groups (MBSR and control) randomly. The participants of the two groups answered the 36-item quality of life questionnaire. The experimental group was under treatment for 8 sessions while the control group did not receive any psychological treatment. Data were analyzed, using SPSSver.13 software by repeated measures analysis of variance.

Results: In the MBSR group, the mean subscales of QOL had more significant reduction compare to control group. Also the improvement of all subscales of mental and physical QOL continued after two months later in follow up stage.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that MBSR is useful for improving the quality of life in patients with MS.

Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, Mindfulness, Quality of life
Citation: Kolahkaj B, Zargar F, Majdinasab N. The effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy on quality of life in women with multiple sclerosis, Ahvaz, Iran. J Caring Sci 2019; 8 (4): 213-7. doi:10.15171/jcs.2019.030
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Submitted: 28 Dec 2017
Accepted: 10 Nov 2018
ePublished: 01 Dec 2019
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