J Caring Sci. 2017;6(4): 359-369.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2017.034
PMID: 29302575
PMCID: PMC5747594
  Abstract View: 715
  PDF Download: 833

Original Research

Professional socialization of the Iranian BSN Students: A grounded theory study

Mohammadreza Dinmohammadi 1, Hamid Peyrovi 2*, Neda Mehrdad 3

1 Departement of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2 Departement of Nursing, Nursing Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: Professional socialization is a critical aspect of nursing students’ development, which begins with entry into the nursing program and continues when beginning professional practice. The aim of this study was to explore the socialization of Iranian BSN students in nursing profession. Methods: An exploratory qualitative approach utilizing Straussian version of the grounded theory (1998) method was used. Individual in-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants chosen from two large nursing schools in an urban area of Iran through purposive and theoretical sampling. The data were analyzed using the constant comparative method. Findings: Five main categories and eleven subcategories emerged and integrated around one core category. Professional metamorphosis as the core variable was a complex and interrelated process (consisting of three stages: dependence, disintegration, and integration) with dynamic, ongoing, and personal features influenced by professional and extra-professional context. The students assumed passive role in the initial of their studies. However, during the last year of educational program, they gradually involved actively in dealing with own personal and professional issues. Conclusion: This study introduced "professional metamorphosis of BSN students" as a substantive grounded theory in the socio-cultural context of the health care system in Iran. During this process, students move from outsider personal position to insider professional position. The nurse educators and administrators may develop effective educational interventions to promote professional socialization of students with an understanding of the promoting and driving forces influencing socialization.
Keywords: Professional socialization, Metamorphosis, Student nurse, Grounded theory, Nursing, Iran
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Submitted: 17 Dec 2016
Revision: 24 Oct 2017
Accepted: 25 Oct 2017
ePublished: 25 Oct 2017
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