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J Caring Sci. 2014;3(4): 247-256.
doi: 10.5681/jcs.2014.027
PMID: 25709980
PMCID: PMC4333897
  Abstract View: 1589
  PDF Download: 782

Original Research

Effect of Education through Support ­Group on Early Symptoms of Menopause: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Fahimeh Sehhatie Shafaie 1, Mozhgan Mirghafourvand 1, Maryam Jafari 1*

1 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: jafary.m1366@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Menopause is one of the most important crises in the life of women. The control of menopause symptoms is a main challenge in providing care to this population. So, the aim of present study was to investigate the effect of education through support ­group on early symptoms of menopause. Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial 124 postmenopausal women who had a health records in Valiasr participatory health center of Eslamshahr city were participated. These women were allocated by block randomization method into support group (62 women) and control group (62 women).Women in support group was assigned into 6 groups. Three 60-minutes educational sessions were conducted in 3 sequential weekly sessions. Early menopausal symptoms were measured before and 4 weeks after the intervention by using Greene scale (score ranged from 0 to 63). Data analysis was performed by ANCOVA statistical test. Results: There were no statistical differences between two groups in demographic characteristics and the total score of the Greene scale before intervention. The mean score of the Greene scale in support group was statistically less than control group 4 weeks after intervention. The number of hot flashes in the support group was significantly lower than control group, 4 weeks after intervention.Conclusion: Education through support group was effective in reducing the early symptoms of menopause. Thus, this educational method can be used as an appropriate strategy for enhancing women’ health and their dealing with annoying symptoms of menopause.
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Submitted: 29 Nov 2014
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