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J Caring Sci. 2016;5(3): 179-185.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2016.019
PMID: 27752483
PMCID: PMC5045951
  Abstract View: 736
  PDF Download: 688

Original Research

Comparing the Effects of Yoga & Oral Calcium Administration in Alleviating Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome in Medical Undergraduates

Mehta Bharati 1 *

1 1. Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur Rajasthan, India

Abstract

Introduction: Medical undergraduates are heavily burdened by their curriculum. The females, in addition, suffer from vivid affective or somatic premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms such as bloating, mastalgia, insomnia, fatigue, mood swings, irritability, and depression. The present study was proposed to attenuate the symptoms of PMS by simple lifestyle measures like yoga and/or oral calcium. Methods: 65 medical female students (18-22 years) with a regular menstrual cycle were asked to self-rate their symptoms, along with their severity, in a validated questionnaire for two consecutive menstrual cycles. Fifty-eight students were found to have PMS. Twenty girls were given yoga training (45 minutes daily, five days a week, for three months). Another group of 20 was given oral tablets of calcium carbonate daily (500 mg, for three months) and rest 18 girl served as control group. Data were analyzed by SPSS ver.13 software. Results: The yoga and calcium groups showed a significant decrease in number and severity of premenstrual symptoms whereas in the control group there was not the significant difference. Conclusion: Encouraging a regular practice of yoga or taking a tablet of calcium daily in the medical schools can decrease the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
Keywords: Premenstrual syndrome, Yoga, Relaxation, Calcium
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Submitted: 29 Aug 2016
Accepted: 31 Aug 2016
ePublished: 31 Aug 2016
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