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J Caring Sci. 2016;5(3): 195-204.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2016.021
PMID: 27752485
PMCID: PMC5045953
  Abstract View: 987
  PDF Download: 581

Original Research

The Effect of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behavior Therapy on Depression and Anxiety among Pregnant Women: a Randomized Clinical Trial

Reza Yazdanimehr 1, Abdollah Omidi 1 * , Zohreh Sadat 2, Hossein Akbari 3

1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2 Trauma Nursing ¬Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
3 Department of Biostatistics and Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy can be associated with different psychological problems such as depression and anxiety. These problems are often neglected and left untreated. This study aimed to examine the effect of mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy on depression and anxiety among pregnant women. Methods: A convenient sample of 80 pregnant women were selected. Participants were randomly allocated to either the experimental or the control groups. Participants in the experimental group received mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy while women in the control group only received routine prenatal care services. A demographic questionnaire, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics measures such as frequency, mean, and standard deviation as well as the repeated-measures analysis of variance test were used for data analysis. Results: After the study intervention, the mean scores of anxiety and depression in the experimental group were significantly lower than the control group. Conclusion: Mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy can significantly alleviate pregnant women’s depression and anxiety. So implementation of this method alongside with other prenatal care services is recommended.
Keywords: Cognitive behavior therapy, Depression, Anxiety, Pregnant women
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Submitted: 30 Aug 2016
Accepted: 31 Aug 2016
ePublished: 31 Aug 2016
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