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J Caring Sci. 2016;5(3): 205-214.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2016.022
PMID: 27752486
PMCID: PMC5045954
  Abstract View: 761
  PDF Download: 569

Original Research

Effect of NICU Department Orientation Program on Mother’s Anxiety: a Randomized Clinical Trial

Leila Valizadeh 1, Mohammad Bager Hosseini 2, Zhilla Heydarpoor Damanabad 3 * , Mahni Rahkar Farshi 1, Mohammad Asgari Jafarabadi 4, Fatemeh Ranjbar Kochaksaraie 5

1 Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran
5 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Neonatal intensive care unit induces the high level of anxiety for mothers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of NICU orientation program on the anxiety of mothers who had preterm newborns hospitalized in NICU. Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial (three parallel groups). Participants included 99 mothers with preterm newborns hospitalized in NICU of Al- Zahra hospital, affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Mothers were randomly assigned to one of three groups (film, booklet, and control). Mothers completed the State- Trait Anxiety Inventory before entering to the NICU, and then mothers in the experiment groups became familiar with the NICU environment through watching a film or reading booklet. After the first NICU visit, all mothers completed the STAI and Cattell's Anxiety Questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 13 software. Results: There was no significant difference between three groups regarding state- trait anxiety before the intervention. After the first NICU visit, a significant reduction in maternal state anxiety was seen in the both experiment groups. There was no statistical significant difference regarding trait anxiety. Data obtained from Cattell's anxiety questionnaire after intervention, showed significant difference in state anxiety between groups. Conclusion: Employing film and booklet orientation strategy after preterm delivery can reduce the mother’s anxiety and beneficent for the mother, baby, family and health care system.
Keywords: Orientation program, NICU, Film, Booklet, Anxiety
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Submitted: 30 Aug 2016
Accepted: 31 Aug 2016
ePublished: 31 Aug 2016
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