J Caring Sci. 2016;5(4): 299-306.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2016.031
PMID: 28032074
PMCID: PMC5187550
  Abstract View: 2124
  PDF Download: 1105

Original Research

Comparing the Effect of Foot Reflexology Massage, Foot Bath and Their Combination on Quality of Sleep in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

Ali Rahmani 1*, Mahdi Naseri 2, Mohammad Mahdi Salaree 2, Batool Nehrir 2

1 Department of Nursing, Atherosclerosis Research Center, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: rahmani4143@gmail.com


Introduction: Many patients in coronary care unit (CCU) suffer from decreased sleep quality caused by environmental and mental factors. This study compared the efficacy of foot reflexology massage, foot bath, and a combination of them on the quality of sleep of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: This quasi-experimental study was implemented on ACS patients in Iran. Random sampling was used to divide the patients into four groups of 35 subjects. The groups were foot reflexology massage, foot bath, a combination of the two and the control group. Sleep quality was measured using the Veran Snyder-Halpern questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 13. Results: The mean age of the four groups was 61.22 (11.67) years. The mean sleep disturbance in intervention groups (foot reflexology massage and foot bath groups) during the second and third nights was significantly less than before intervention. The results also showed a greater reduction in sleep disturbance in the combined group than in the other groups when compared to the control group. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the intervention of foot bath and massage are effective in reducing sleep disorders and there was a synergistic effect when used in combination. This complementary care method can be recommended to be implemented by CCU nurses.
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Abstract View: 2125

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Submitted: 29 Nov 2016
Accepted: 01 Dec 2016
ePublished: 01 Dec 2016
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