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J Caring Sci. 2019;8(3):173-179.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2019.025
  Abstract View: 12
  PDF Download: 25

Original Research

Effective Characteristics of Iranian Nursing Students in Their Relationship with Clinical Nurses

Ebrahim Aliafsari Mamaghani 1 ORCID logo, Azad Rahmani 2 * ORCID logo, Hadi Hassankhani 2 ORCID logo, Carla Saunders 3 ORCID logo, Sue Dean 4 ORCID logo, Caleb Ferguson 5 ORCID logo, Alireza Irajpour 6 ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
2 Medical Education Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Centre for Health 4Services Management, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, NSW, Australia
4 Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, Australia
5 Druitt Hospital Clinical School and Research Centre, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia
6 Department of critical care nursing, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of undergraduate nursing students, which may determine the nature of their relationship with clinical nurses. Relationships between nursing students and clinical nurses are critical to maximize student learning outcomes and produce skilled graduates for the future health workforce. Methods: This qualitative content analysis study was conducted from January to August 2016. Twenty nine semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 undergraduate nursing students in Tabriz nursing and midwifery faculty. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim (in Persian), and analyzed using conventional content analysis to identify themes. Results: Four key themes emerged: educational factors (cognitive knowledge and practical skills, and learning motivation); communication skills; perceived support (perceived support from nurses and educators); and psychological state (fear of the relationship and self-confidence). Self-confidence is an emphasized concept in nursing students' willingness and ability to relate with clinical nurses. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that educational, communicative and psychological factors are important determinants of student communication with nurses. However, self-confidence is the most important factor in establishing such relationship. Self-confidence could be further assessed to identify nursing students who need greater support or would benefit from greater educational interventions to achieve relational skills.
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Submitted: 29 Apr 2018
Revised: 27 Aug 2018
Accepted: 17 Oct 2018
First published online: 01 Sep 2019
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