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J Caring Sci. 2019;8(2):83-88.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2019.012
  Abstract View: 35
  PDF Download: 40

Original Research

Lifestyle of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Following Self-Management Interventions: a Randomized Clinical Trial

Mahnaz Rakhshan 1 * ORCID logo, Hojatolah Najafi 2 ORCID logo, Gholam Abbas Valizadeh 3 ORCID logo

1 Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Cardiovascular, Faculty of Medicine, Fasa University of Medical sciences, Fasa, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in most countries, such as Iran. Cardiac arrhythmias, including Atrial Fibrillation (AF) comprise an important category of these diseases. During recent years, AF has become a serious medical condition. This study aimed to investigate the effect of self-management interventions on the lifestyle of patients with AF. Methods: In this Randomized Clinical Trial study, 88 patients were selected and randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The intervention group received self-management interventions, including education and telephone follow-ups. The data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and Walker’s health-promoting lifestyle profile II, before the intervention and four and twelve weeks after the intervention. The significance level was considered to be 0.05. Results: The results showed a significant increase in the intervention group’s lifestyle mean score, four and twelve weeks after the intervention as compared with control group However, this increase was not similar in all the lifestyle dimensions. Conclusion: In conclusion, implementation of self-management interventions could improve the lifestyle of the patients with Atrial Fibrillation. The results can help nurses to conduct self-management interventions into such patients’ care plan and prevent many physical, psychological, and social problems that negatively affect patients and their lifestyle.
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Submitted: 29 Apr 2018
Revised: 24 Jun 2018
Accepted: 21 Jul 2018
First published online: 01 Jun 2019
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