J Caring Sci. 2020;9(1): 27-32.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2020.005
  Abstract View: 230
  PDF Download: 195

Original Research

The Effect of Regular Family Appointments on Hope of Hospitalized Depressed Patients: a Randomized Clinical Trial

Roghaieh Keykha 1* ORCID logo, Nasrin Rezaee 1, Ali Navidian 2 ORCID logo, Elahe Moshtaghi 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Zahedan University of Medical Science, Community Nursing Research Center, Zahedan, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Zahedan University of Medical Science, Zahedan, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: MSc in Nursing. Email: roghaieh.keykha@zaums.ac.ir


Introduction: Depression is one of the most common psychological disorders in the world. Many depressed patients are being hospitalized in psychiatric centers every year, which can lead to hopelessness and indifference. Considering the role of family as a support system in caring for depressed patients, the goal of the present study is to assess the effects of regular family appointments on the hope of hospitalized depressed patients.

Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial on 70 hospitalized depressed patients in the Baharan psychiatric hospital of Zahedan. Block Randomization was used to categorize the participants continuously into two groups intervention (n=35) and control groups (n=35). The data collection tools were demographic characteristics questionnaire and Schneider hope scale. The patients in the interventions group received 6 sessions of regular family appointments with first- degree relatives. The control group received freely and without any planning appointments. Hope level was measured and compared before and after the intervention for two groups. The data were analyzed by SPSS using the chi-square test, the independent t-test and the paired ttest.

Results: The results showed that both groups were homogeneous in terms of sociodemographic differences. The hope scores of patients in the intervention group significantly increased compared to those of the control group.

Conclusion: Encouraging family cooperation and using patient's choice in selecting visitors is recommended.

Keywords: Appointment and schedules, Hope, Depression, Family
Citation: Keykha R, Rezaee N, Navidian A, Moshtaghi E. The effect of regular appointments on hope of hospitalized depressed patients: a randomized clinical trial. J Caring Sci 2020; 9 (1): 27-32. doi:10.34172/jcs.2020.005
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Submitted: 22 Aug 2018
Accepted: 29 Nov 2018
ePublished: 01 Mar 2020
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