J Caring Sci. 2019;8(3): 165-171.
doi: 10.15171/jcs.2019.024
PMID: 31598509
PMCID: PMC6778310
  Abstract View: 266
  PDF Download: 221

Original Research

Effect of Music Therapy with Periorbital Massage on Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting In Gastrointestinal Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trail

Behrouz Dadkhah 1 ORCID logo, Elham Anisi 1 * ORCID logo, Naser Mozaffari 1 ORCID logo, Firouz Amani 2 ORCID logo, Mehdi Pourghasemian 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran


Introduction: Music and massage therapy are among the approaches of complementary medicine. Patients with cancer have been hugely encouraged in recent years to use complementary medicine to relieve chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of music and periorbital massage therapy on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in patients with gastrointestinal cancers. Methods: The present single-blind clinical trial study was conducted on 60 patients with gastrointestinal cancer undergoing chemotherapy who were randomly assigned to control and music plus massage therapy groups. Two interventions were concurrently carried out on patients in music plus massage therapy group while receiving chemotherapy medication, but the control group received no intervention. Rhodes questionnaire was used to assess nausea and vomiting before and 24 hours after chemotherapy. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistical tests (Chi-square and t tests). Results: Music plus periorbital massage therapy significantly reduced nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy compared to the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results, using music plus periorbital massage improves nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy, and can be considered as a complementary medicine method in conjunction with other medicinal therapies to relieve symptoms of patients with cancer.
Keywords: Music, Massage, Nausea, Vomiting
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Submitted: 03 Sep 2018
Revision: 06 Mar 2019
Accepted: 14 Aug 2019
ePublished: 01 Sep 2019
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