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J Caring Sci. 2021;10(4): 191-195.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2021.028
  Abstract View: 146
  PDF Download: 83
  Full Text View: 30

Original Article

Follow-up Plan as a Necessity for Nursing Care: A Decrease of Stress in Mothers with their Children in Pediatric Surgical Units

Forogh Okhovat 1 ORCID logo, Zahra Abdeyazdan 2 ORCID logo, Mahboobeh Namnabati 2* ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sharekord, Iran
2 Department of Infant and Pediatric. Nursing and Midwifery Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mahboobeh Namnabati, Email: namnabat@nm.mui.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Children are vulnerable to damage. Health problems in children, especially if necessitate hospitalization, can cause stress in their parents that may persist even long after discharge. This study aimed to investigate the effect of implementing follow-up care plans on stress in mothers of children discharged from pediatric surgical units.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 64 mothers whose children were hospitalized in the surgical wards of two educational hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups of control and experimental. The data collection tools included a demographic data questionnaire and stress response inventory (SRI). The interventions were performed using a four-stage follow-up care plan. The data were analyzed using SPSS software version 13 and descriptive statistics, independent t-test, repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), and least significant difference (LSD) test.

Results: The mean (SD) stress scores of the experimental group were 64.1 (28.8), 20.4 (12.4), and 11.6 (7.5) before, one week, and one month after the intervention, respectively. In the control group, these scores were 61.2 (29.2), 59.9 (25.5), and 46.7 (19.1), respectively. The results showed the mean score was significantly lower than that of the control group at one week and one month after the intervention in the experimental group.

Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that a follow-up care plan can decrease the stress levels of mothers as a continuity of patient care even after discharge.


Keywords: Continuity of patient care, Mothers, Follow-up, Child, Stress

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Submitted: 19 Nov 2020
Accepted: 21 Mar 2021
ePublished: 25 Aug 2021
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