J Caring Sci. 2021;10(2): 96-102.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2021.018
  Abstract View: 40
  PDF Download: 65

Original Research

Association between Perceived Social Support and Health-Promoting lifestyle in Pregnant Women: A Cross-Sectional Study

Azita Fathnezhad-Kazemi 1* ORCID logo, Armin Aslani 2 ORCID logo, Sepideh Hajian 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Medical Sciences, Student Research Committee, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Adopting health-promoting lifestyle might be affected by a variety of factors. The existing evidence suggests that social support can improve health by fulfilling physical and mental needs. This study aimed to investigate the association between social support and health-promoting lifestyle in Pregnancy.
Methods: Using multistage cluster sampling method, this cross-sectional study was conducted on 360 pregnant women. Data were collected using three questionnaires, including a self-reported demographic and obstetric, health-promoting lifestyle profile and perceived social support questionnaires. Data were analyzed using a t-test, repeated measures ANOVA, and multivariate linear regression model with SPSS software ver. 21 with.
Results: The mean (SD) of health-promoting behaviors was 135.21(20.03). Amongst the different dimensions of health-promoting behaviors, the highest mean was detected in spiritual growth 26.84 (4.90) and nutrition 26.17 (4.22), respectively. Meanwhile, the lowest scores were detected in sub-domains of stress management 19.80 (3.78) and physical activity 16.71(4.14), respectively. The mean (SD) of perceived social support was 60.31 (14.75), and 51.7% of the participants had intermediate social support. Results indicated a significant difference between the mean score of Health-Promoting Lifestyle at different levels of social support. There was a direct and significant association between the scores of social support and health-promoting behavior (r=0.36; P<0.001).
Conclusion: Pregnant women with better perception of social support had a better performance in adopting health-promoting Lifestyle. However, the status of health behaviors and social support was not favorable. Thus, there is a need to intervene and design programs to help pregnant women and improve their health.
Keywords: Health-promotion, lifestyle, Social support, Pregnancy
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Submitted: 18 May 2019
Revision: 29 Jan 2020
Accepted: 22 May 2021
ePublished: 23 May 2021
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