J Caring Sci. 2020;9(1): 9-12.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2020.002
  Abstract View: 312
  PDF Download: 279

Original Research

Effectiveness of Warm Compression on Lumbo-Sacral Region in Terms of Labour Pain Intensity and Labour Outcomes among Nulliparous: an Interventional Study

Jasvir Kaur 1 ORCID logo, Poonam Sheoran 1 ORCID logo, Simarjeet Kaur 1* ORCID logo, Jyoti Sarin 2 ORCID logo

1 Department Obstetrics and Gynaecological Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar Deemed to be University, Mullana, India
2 Nursing Faculty, Maharishi Markandeshwar Deemed to be University, Mullana, India
*Corresponding Author: PhD in Obstetrics and Gynaecological Nursing, Email: coolsimar89@gmail.com


Introduction: Childbirth is a distinctive and joyous moment in every mother’s life. Giving birth is one of the powerful and vital event. This study aimed to assess and evaluate the effectiveness of warm compression (moist heat) on lumbo-sacral region in terms of labor pain intensity and labor outcomes

Methods: An experimental research design was carried out on 88 nulliparous mothers with normal singleton term pregnancy (44 participants in each group) who were admitted in the labor room. Mothers who had high-risk pregnancy were excluded. Warm compression was given to nulliparous mothers of the experimental group with hydrochollator pack at 700C temperature for 20 minutes for 3 times with one-hour interval on lumbo sacral region starting from 4-5 cm of cervical dilatation. Labor pain intensity score, fetal heart rate, frequency and duration of uterine contractions were assessed before and immediately of warm compression and again after 30 minutes only labor pain was assessed.

Results: Study results revealed that immediately after first, second and third time of warm compression labor pain intensity score in experimental group was lower than control group respectively ( t= 3.20; P< 0.001; t =4.45; P< 0.001; t= 6.18; P< 0.001). But no significant difference found in fetal heart rate and labor outcomes in terms of duration of labor, type of delivery, baby born alive/ not and cried immediately after birth.

Conclusion: Warm compression was useful method to decrease the labour pain among nulliparous mothers in the first stage of labour and mothers reported satisfaction with intervention.

Keywords: Labor Pain, Pain, Lumbosacral plexus, Nulliparity, Warm compression
Citation: Kaur J, Sheoran P, kaur S, Sarin J. Effectiveness of warm compression on lumbo-sacral region in terms of labour pain intensity and labour outcomes among nulliparous: an interventional study. J Caring Sci 2020; 9 (1): 9-12. doi:10.34172/jcs.2020.002
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Submitted: 10 Jun 2019
Accepted: 25 Oct 2019
ePublished: 01 Mar 2020
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