J Caring Sci. 2020;9(4): 173-181.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2020.027
  Abstract View: 101
  PDF Download: 226

Original Research

Quality of Life of Filipino Caregivers of Children in Need of Special Protection: Correlations with their Role Overload and Role Distress

Ian Christopher Naungayan Rocha 1* ORCID logo, Myla Marcellana Arcinas 2 ORCID logo

1 School of Medicine, Centro Escolar University, Manila, Philippines
2 Behavioral Sciences Department, College of Liberal Arts, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines


Introduction: The quality of life (QOL) of the caregivers who attend to children in need of special
protection (CNSP) influences their effectiveness in rendering care to their care recipients. This
study aimed to determine the QOL of caregivers with their levels of role overload (RO) and role
distress (RD).
Methods: A total of 130 caregivers, identified through a convenience sampling technique, from
17 child-caring institutions from the Philippines’ National Capital Region (NCR) participated
in this descriptive correlational study. The survey method was used to gather the data using a
structured self-administered questionnaire. Data were processed and analyzed using Statistica
13.0 and Spearman’s rho test.
Results: The study found a significant inverse moderate correlation between the level of QOL
of the caregivers and their level of RO. A significant inverse strong correlation was also found
between the level of their QOL and their level of RD.
Conclusion: The findings confirm that as the levels of RO and RD of the caregivers decrease,
their level of QOL increases. Conversely, their level of QOL decreases as their levels of RO and
RD increase. Recommendations were provided to improve the QOL of the caregivers of CNSP
in the Philippines.

Keywords: Quality of life, Caregivers, Child care, Orphanages, Philippines
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Submitted: 28 Apr 2020
Revision: 08 Sep 2020
Accepted: 10 Sep 2020
ePublished: 24 Nov 2020
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