J Caring Sci. 2021;10(1): 9-14.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2021.009
  Abstract View: 102
  PDF Download: 114

Original Research

Factors Affecting State and Trait Anxiety of Relatives of Hospitalized Patients

Maria Sidiropoulou 1 ORCID logo, Anna Kavga 1 ORCID logo, Georgia Gerogianni 1 ORCID logo, Michael Kourakos 2 ORCID logo, Georgios Vasilopoulos 1 ORCID logo, Maria Polikandrioti 1* ORCID logo, Alexandra Friligou 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
2 Department of Midwifery, School of Health Sciences, University of Western Macedonia, Ptolemaida, Greece


Introduction: Hospitalization is a stressful event for both patients and relatives. The aim of the
study was to explorefactors affecting state and trait anxiety of relatives of hospitalized patients.
Methods:In this cross-sectional study, was enrolled a convenience sample of 222 relatives
of hospitalized patients in a public hospital in Athens, Greece. Data were collected by
the completion of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) which also included participants’
characteristics. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20, while the statistical significance
level was P < 0.05.
Results:Of the 222 relatives, 72 were men and 150 women. The average state and trait anxiety
score was 45.6 and 42, respectively, within the possible range of scores (20-80) thus indicating
moderate levels of anxiety. Moreover, state and trait anxiety was statistically significantly
associated with gender, degree of information of patient’s health, whether they had readjusted
family responsibilities, whether they had financial worries, whether they experienced
uncertainty about future and finally whether they were anxious about their ability to respond
to patients care.
Conclusion:Factors associated with relatives’ anxiety were gender, information regarding
patient’s health, family responsibilities, financial worries, uncertainty and anxiety to respond to
patients’ care. These factors need to be evaluated when planning psychological intervention to
alleviate this emotional burden.
Keywords: Anxiety disorder, Relatives, Hospitalized patients
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Submitted: 19 May 2020
Revision: 01 Jul 2020
Accepted: 08 Jul 2020
ePublished: 28 Feb 2021
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