J Caring Sci. 2021;10(3): 121-128.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2021.025
  Abstract View: 23
  PDF Download: 47

Original Article

Comparison of L-Shape and Side-Lying Positions on Breastfeeding Outcomes among Mothers Delivered by Cesarean Section: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Gunjot Arora 1 ORCID logo, Prasuna Jelly 1* ORCID logo, Rajlaxmi Mundhra 2 ORCID logo, Rakesh Sharma 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
* Corresponding Author: Prasuna Jelly, Email: prasunajelly@gmail.com


Introduction: Ineffective breastfeeding techniques is one of the factors contributing to poor breastfeeding outcomes in post-cesarean mothers. To assist post-cesarean mothers to find a comfortable breastfeeding position, a trial was conducted to compare different positions of breastfeeding in these individuals.

Methods: A randomized clinical parallel trial was carried out on primipara post-cesarean mothers admitted to All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India. Participants were enrolled by convenience sampling technique, which was further randomized (block size= 4) and allocated to receive either “L” shape (n= 30) or side-lying (n= 30) position for breastfeeding. The assigned intervention was provided at least six times a day for four consecutive days. Data were collected using breastfeeding assessment Tool, maternal breastfeeding evaluation scale and numeric pain rating scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 23.

Results: The baseline characteristics of participants in both groups were similar. The mean comparison of breastfeeding outcome and maternal satisfaction indicated no significant difference between the two positions. However, the mean scores of maternal pain were statistically significant. Hence, it was inferred that the maternal pain was significantly less in post-cesarean mothers in “L” shape compared to side-lying.

Conclusion: There is significantly less pain in post-cesarean mothers during breastfeeding in “L” shape than side-lying. Furthermore, maternal satisfaction and breastfeeding outcomes were found to be similar in both positions.

Keywords: Cesarean section, Breastfeeding, Position, Pain, Mother satisfaction

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Abstract View: 24

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Submitted: 17 Dec 2020
Accepted: 14 Mar 2021
ePublished: 23 Aug 2021
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