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J Caring Sci. 2020;9(3): 168-172.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2020.025
PMID: 32963986
PMCID: PMC7492968
  Abstract View: 160
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Original Article

Death Anxiety and Life Expectancy among Older Adults in Iran

Vahid Rashedi 1 ORCID logo, Banafsheh Ebrahimi 2 ORCID logo, Mahtab Sharif Mohseni 3 ORCID logo, Mohammadali Hosseini 2* ORCID logo

1 Department of Gerontology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Rehabilitation Management, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Life expectancy is one of the indices used to analyze health status. This index changes during aging as a result of a variety of incidents, diseases, stress, and anxiety. Death anxiety is one of the problems that can turn into a deadly fear. This study was aimed to determine the association between life expectancy and death anxiety among older adults in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: In this correlational descriptive study, 208 older adults aged ≥ 60 years, who had referred to adult daycare centers in Tehran, were chosen by cluster random sampling. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, Temper’s death anxiety scale and Snyder's life expectancy scale. Data analysis was completed through SPSS ver. 22.

Results: The mean age of the older adults was 66.60 (6.58) years. The results showed a mean death anxiety of 12.21 mean life expectancy of 24.94. Furthermore, Pearson’s correlation coefficient indicated a negative correlation between death anxiety and life expectancy. The results of multiple regression analysis revealed that the major predictor of life expectancy decline were death anxiety, age, and residential status.

Conclusion: It can be concluded from the results that the negative correlation between death anxiety and life expectancy requires teaching coping methods for anxiety and using appropriate methods to improve life expectancy among older adults.

Keywords: Aged, Frailty, Death, Anxiety, Life
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Submitted: 03 Mar 2019
Revision: 02 Jul 2019
Accepted: 22 Jul 2019
ePublished: 18 Aug 2020
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