J Caring Sci. 2024;13(1): 36-43.
doi: 10.34172/jcs.2024.33055
  Abstract View: 82
  PDF Download: 59

Original Article

An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Distance Learning on Nutrition Quality of Hemodialysis Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Single-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

Mahdieh Rafiee 1 ORCID logo, Maryam Khandan 1* ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Maryam Khandan, Email: mkhandan@iauk.ac.ir, Email: mkhandan@iauk.ac.ir


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has limited hemodialysis patient’s attendance in healthcare centers and receiving diet education. This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of distance learning on the nutrition quality of hemodialysis patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: In the single-blind randomized clinical trial, 60 patients undergoing hemodialysis were randomly divided into control (n=30) and experimental (n=30) groups. Before and after the intervention, Dialysis Malnutrition Score (DMS), Malnutrition-Inflammation Score (MIS) (primary outcome), albumin, the total iron-binding capacity of the blood (TIBC), and body mass index (BMI) (Secondary outcome) were investigated. The experimental group received educational content through social networks for three months, whereas the control group received routine care and training.

Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the mean of DMS, MIS, albumin, and TIBC before the intervention. Pre-test BMI had a confounding effect; therefore, an analysis of covariance was performed to eliminate that effect. This analysis showed significant differences in the post-test mean DMS, MIS, TIBC, and BMI between the two groups. In the control group, significant differences were observed in MIS and BMI toward deterioration. The results also indicated a significant relationship between education level and age with TIBC and between marital status and albumin index.

Conclusion: Distance learning can be considered by healthcare managers and police makers as a suitable alternative to the classic face-to-face learning method to enhance hemodialysis patients’ nutrition quality during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Submitted: 24 Jun 2023
Accepted: 04 Nov 2023
ePublished: 30 Dec 2023
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